GLOSSARY OF TERMS "C" – An Indian Art.



da – A tabla bol of pakhawaj origin.
da – A tabla bol.
dadra – A semiclassical style of singing
dadra tal – A common six beat tal used in light and semiclassical music.
dagga – The large metal left hand drum.
dakshaman tal – An obscure tal of 21 beats.
dam – (Lit. “Breath”). A pause, specifically the two pauses which separate the three sections of a tihai.
damdar tihai – A tihai in which each section is separated by a pause.
damodar tal – An obscure tal of nine beats.
damaru – A small hour-glass shaped drum traditionally ascribed to Shiva.
damaru yati – An ancient form where the tempo begins very fast, decreases to slow, then increased towards the end. So called because its graphic representation resembles a damaru.
darbar – Royal court.
darbari kanada – A common evening rag.
das pran – (Archaic, Lit. “ten breaths”) The ten characteristics of tal.
das syandan tal – An obscure tal of 10 beats.
dayan – The small wooden right hand drum.
dedh – Playing 3 strokes over two beats (i.e., 1 1/2 times)
Delhi – See Dilli.
deshi – Pertaining to the world, land, country, or, people.
deshi nishabd kriya – An ancient concept regarding timekeeping with the hands, performed so that sound was not produced. This was specifically used in the deshi sangeet.
deshi sashabd kriya – An ancient concept regarding timekeeping with the hands, performed so that sound was produced (i.e., snapping of fingers, clapping of hands, etc.). This was specifically used in the deshi sangeet. deshi tal – A tal which is of the ordinary material world, opposite of marg tal.
devadhwani tal – An obscure tal of 17 beats.
devagandhar tal – An obscure tal of 23 beats.
devaguna tal – An obscure tal of 12 beats.
dha – A fundamental bol of both tabla and pakhawaj.
dha – An uncommon bol.
dhadhi – A Muslim community of hereditary musicians, generally considered to be low caste.
dhaivat – The sixth note of the scale (Dha).
dhamar tal – See dhammar tal.
dhammar – An old style of singing, similar to dhrupad, generally associated with the spring season.
dhammar punjabi tal – An obscure tal of 14 beats.
dhammar tal – A 14 matra pakhawaj tal.
dhammari tal – An obscure tal of 11 1/2 beats.
dhi or – A fundamental bol.
dhin – A fundamental bol.
dholak – A crude folk drum characterized by a cylindrical wooden shell covered with skin on both sides.
dholak masala – A paste applied to inner surface of left hand drum skin on many folk drums.
dholki – A small folk drum popular in Maharashtra.
dhrupad – A classical style of music, once popular but today rare.
dhruva – (Archaic) A type of timekeeping in marg sashabd kriya characterized by the snapping of fingers.
dhruva tal – An obscure tal variously considered 11, 14, 21, 23, or 29 beats.
i tal – A variation of kaherava tal.

dhun – 1) A light style of instrumental solo. 2) A musical religious chant.
di or – A tabla bol of pakhawaj origin.
Dilli – Delhi, the present capitol of India.
dilli baj – The style of playing tabla, originally from Delhi, characterized by extensive use of the middle finger and strokes on the rim of the tabla.
dilruba – A bowed instrument with frets like a sitar.
din – A bol of tabla and pakhawaj.
dipak – A rag that is supposed to produce fire when sung correctly.
dipchandi tal – A common 14 beat tal.
dobahar tal – An obscure tal of 13 beats.
dohatthu – A composition where both hands are played on the same drum.
dom – A low-caste community of musicians.
dotar – 1) A simple two-stringed instrument played in folk music. 2) An instrument similar to rabab played in Bengal.
drut – 1) Fast tempo. 2) An archaic unit of time equal to two anudrut.
duff – A large tambourine used in folk music.
dugga – See dagga.
dugun – A layakari of 2:1 (i.e., double time).
dupalli – A type of gat where a phrase repeats twice.
durbal – A note of the rag which is weak or subdued.
dval – The tasma of the tabla.


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