GLOSSARY OF TERMS "P" – An Indian Art.



padhat – See padhant.
padhant – The recitation of bols.
padmini – (Archaic) A style of silent timekeeping (deshi nishabd kriya).
pakad – (Lit. “to catch”) The characteristic movement of a rag.
pakhawaj – A barrel shaped drum with playing heads on both sides.
pakhawaji – One who plays the pakhawaj.
palla – A section of the tihai that is repeated three times.
palta – A permutation of a kaida.
Paluskar – See Vishnu Digambar Paluskar.
panch savari tal – See pancham savari tal.
pancham – The fifth note of the scale.
pancham savari tal – A rare tal of 15 beats.
pancham tal – An obscure tal of 16 beats.
panchashar tal – An obscure tal of 23 beats.
paran – A class of small compositions derived from pakhawaj tradition.
paran tal – See chautal.
parampara – A lineage, or continuum (e.g., Guru-Shishya-Parampara)
paschami baj – The styles of dilli and ajrada gharanas.
pashto – See pashtu.
pashtu – Some consider this to be mere prakar of rupak while others consider this to be a distinctly separate seven-beat tal.
pashupati tal – An obscure tal of 26 beats.
pat tal – An obscure tal in two beats.
patak – (Archaic) A style of silent timekeeping (deshi nishabd kriya).
patit – (Archaic) A style of silent timekeeping (deshi nishabd kriya).
paune dugan – The division of four beats into seven equal parts.
payal – An ornamental form of ghungharu.
pench – (Lit. “coil” or “screw”) 1) A type of palta or variation in a kaida formed by the repetition of the first line three times. 2) Any palta.
peshkar – (Lit. “introduction”) An introductory movement similar to kaida but with a different system of permutation.
peshkar kaida – A kaida produced by having a peshkar follow a strict kaida format.
pipilika yati – (Lit. “the movement of an ant”) An ancient rhythmic form characterized by sudden and apparently erratic changes in tempo. This derives its name because such sudden changes are characteristic of the movement of an ant.
pital – (Lit. “brass”) The brass shell of the bayan.
plut – An archaic unit of time equal to three laghu.
prabhatkiran tal – An obscure tal of 11 beats.
prakar – Different varieties of theka.
praman tal – An obscure tal in 17 beats.
prasad – Food offered to god.
prastar – Permutations upon a kaida or given theme.
pratap shikhar tal – An obscure tal of 13 or 17 beats.
prati tal – An obscure tal of eight beats.
pravesh – (Archaic) A style of silent timekeeping (marg nishabd kriya).
pudi – A tabla head.
Punjab – 1) An area along the border between India and Pakistan. 2) The gharana from this area.
punjabi – (Lit. “from Punjab”) A 16 beat tal similar to tintal.
puran tal – An obscure tal of 18 beats.
purna tal – An obscure tal of 19 beats.
purbi – (Lit. “Eastern”) The style of playing in the Farukhabad, Lucknow, and Benares traditions.
putra rag – In the ancient rag / ragini system a putra rag is the son-rag.
pungi – 1) A bin or snake charmers instrument. 2) Any reeded noisemaker.


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